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What is Disc Replacement Surgery in India?
Disc replacement is a type of surgery for your backbone or spine. Your backbone (spine) is made of bones known as vertebrae and that are layered on top of each other. The discs between your vertebrae act like a cushion that allows the rotation and movements of vertebrae without letting the bones rubbing against each other. The lumbar vertebrae and discs are located at the lower part of your spinal cord. An artificial disc replacement in India involves replacing a degenerated disc from the lower part of your spine with an artificial disc. The artificial disc is either made from metal or a combination of metal and plastic.
In Disk Replacement Surgery we treat patients with a variety of ailments such as trauma, spinal stenosis, disc replacements, spinal cord injury, degenerative disc disease, and tumors. We are inspired and committed to cutting-edge patient care and the treatment of patients with spinal and neurological illnesses to satisfaction.
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Why do you need a disc replacement in India?
This disc replacement surgery is performed when a piece of the disc or bone spurs press on the spinal nerves. The surgery is performed from the front side of the neck. The disc and/or bone spurs are removed and the disc space is replaced with a bone dowel filled with bone graft. A small plate and screws are placed in the bone to stabilize the spine while the bones heal together.
A disc replacement treatment is performed to treat the back pain. However, artificial disc replacement in India is not an option for everyone who is suffering from lower back pain. The doctor needs to examine you and may recommend you the disc replacement, if:
- Your back pain's source is from the one or two discs in your lower spine
- There is no compression of nerves on your spine
- You are not overweight
- There were no previous spinal surgeries
- You do not have any other spinal deformities
Common Surgeries of Disc Replacement / Artificial Disc Replacement in India
The following are some of the most common surgeries performed on the spine. Your particular surgery will be determined by the spinal surgeon depending on your situation.
- Anterior Cervical Fusion
- Posterior Cervical Fusion
- Lumbar Discectomy
- Lumbar Laminectomy
- Lumbar Fusion Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF)
- Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)
- Transformation Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF)
- Spinal Procedures
- Herniated Disc
- Back Pain
- Disc Replacement
- Degenerative Disc Disease
- Cervical Spine Surgery
- Spinal Stenosis
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Posterior Cervical Fusion- This surgery is performed from the posterior or backside of the neck. It is often performed in conjunction with the anterior fusion when many levels are being fused. The surgery involves placing the bone graft along with small screws and rods to stabilize the spine. The bone grafting is done to stabilize the spine with the help of small screws and rods. This surgery is performed from the backside of your neck.
Anterior cervical fusion- When a part of your spinal disc or the bone spur presses the spinal nerves, the anterior cervical fusion surgery is performed. This procedure is performed from the front side of the neck.
Lumbar Discectomy- When your disc bulges, the lumbar discectomy surgery is performed to remove the fragment from the disc. This surgery is performed when part of the disc bulges and presses on the spinal nerves. The surgery is performed from the backside of the spine. A small piece of the back covering of the spinal canal is removed so the fragment of the disc can be removed.
Lumbar Laminectomy- Bone spurs are removed from the facet joints when the spinal canal becomes narrow. Lumbar Laminectomy is done when the spinal canal becomes narrowed. It is performed from the back of the spine. Bone spurs are removed from the facet joints on the left and right sides of the spine. This makes more room for the nerves.
Lumbar Fusion Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF)- This surgery is performed from the front side of the spine and the surgeon creates a small incision at the left side of your abdomen. The surgeon removes the disc and places a bone graft or spacer cage. Lumbar Fusion Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF) is performed from the front side of the spine - disc replacement surgery in India. A small incision is made on the left side of the abdomen. The disc space is removed and a bone graft and/or spacer cage is placed. The bone graft comes from the hip or bone bank. If needed, a separate incision on the back may be made for the screws and rods.
Transformation Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF)- It is performed to stabilize the spinal vertebrae and the discs between it. Transformation Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) is performed from the back of the spine. This procedure approaches the spine in a similar manner as the PL IF approach, but more from the side of the spinal canal to stabilize the spinal vertebra and the disc between the vertebra.
Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) – Your surgeon places a bone graft or spacer cage from the backside of the spine. The Minimally Invasive Approach with the minimally invasive approach, the incisions made by the surgeon are small. There is no need for muscle stripping and blood loss is minimized. Special surgical tools including a microscope allow the surgeon to achieve the same goals and objectives as with the open procedure. Patients can expect decreased postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays and can recover more quickly.
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Following are symptoms that show the need for disk replacement:
- Back pain comes mostly from 1 or 2 disks
- Weakness in arms, shoulders, hands, or legs
- Neck pain or neck stiffness
- Numbness or “pins and needles” feeling in your arms
- Anterior Cervical Fusion
The human spine is made up of bones known as vertebrae. A disk is placed between two vertebrae and works like cushions to absorb sudden shocks. These discs move without the bones touching each other. When any of these discs show signs of degeneration or get worn then that disc needs to be replaced using lumbar disk replacement surgery. The main cause of disk replacement is to treat lower back pain.
An anesthetic will be given through an IV line put into the vein or arm so that the patient will go into a deep sleep and keep you free from feeling pain during the surgery. A team of the surgeon will continue further procedures together. The surgeon will make an incision in the abdomen of the patient’s and body organs will be moved to reach the patient’s spine. The surgeon will remove the disc and replace it with a new artificial disc and the incision will be closed. The IV line will still work on its place and the catheter will be attached to the patient’s gallbladder to make urinate easier.
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Patients may need to stay in the hospital for one or two days so that doctors will observe post-surgery indications, such as blood pressure, heart rate, etc. Pain will not stop immediately after the surgery, it will decrease slowly in a day. The doctor will prescribe pain medications and physical movements will be restricted for some days. Only little movements, such as standing, walking will be allowed that too with the assistance of nurses.Risks associated with the disc replacement
- Infection from artificial disc
- Dislocation of artificial disc
- Implant failure and loosening
- Stiffness of spine
- Problems occur due to poorly positioned implant
- Blood clots in your legs
Result of artificial disc replacement in India
Full recovery after undergoing artificial disc replacement in India depends upon the patient to patient, but in most cases it takes almost four to six weeks to come back to the normal routine. One or two visits to the surgeon may be required to remove the sutures.
The artificial or cervical disc replacement surgery cost in India depends on the procedure type. However, if you are looking for an appointment then you are requested to call us at +91 7685934444.